⌛ Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay

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Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay



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Oliver Cromwell - His Life in a Nutshell

Cromwell was first elected to Parliament , representing Huntingdon, in Though this marked the start of his political career, his success in the halls of power was not matched in other aspects of his life. In , for example, Cromwell was forced to sell much of his land holdings in Huntingdon following a dispute with local officials. In addition, he was reportedly treated for melancholy, or depression, at this time. His tenure in Parliament was also short, as a result of King Charles I and his decision to suspend the legislative body in Cromwell would return to government in , when Charles I was essentially forced to reconvene Parliament following a rebellion against his rule in Scotland.

Like most Puritans, he believed that Catholic influence tainted the Church of England, and that it must be removed. Charles I may have reconvened Parliament, but his commonwealth remained a fragile state. In , an armed conflict began between troops loyal to Parliament — the New Model Army — against those allied with the monarchy. Cromwell and others leading the Parliament side also differed significantly from Charles I in their religious views, which helped fuel the conflict.

Though he had no formal military training prior to the start of the war, Cromwell soon distinguished himself on the field of battle, recruiting and leading troops in key victories in at the Battle of Edgehill and in East Anglia. By , he had risen to the rank of Lieutenant General, and in the Battle of Naseby and the Battle of Langport in , he helped lead forces loyal to Parliament to victories over those of Charles I. In October , Cromwell led an attack on the Catholic fortress Basing House, and was later accused of killing of its men after they had surrendered.

However, there was more conflict to come. Cromwell was among the lead negotiators for the Parliamentarians as they attempted to work out a settlement with Royalists loyal to the monarch. When those talks collapsed, fighting between the two sides resumed in , and the Second English Civil War began. Cromwell travelled to Scotland to lead troops against forces there loyal to the king. After Pride's Purge, in which troops under the command of Colonel Thomas Pride arrested those in Parliament still loyal to the monarch, the chamber was reconvened with a membership that was decidedly anti-monarch.

In the aftermath of the purge, the remaining Parliamentarians voted to arrest and execute Charles I. However, the Royalists regrouped, signing a treaty with Catholics in Ireland. Cromwell led the invasion of Ireland, landing in Dublin on August 15, , and his forces soon took the ports of Drogheda and Wexford. His troops killed an estimated 1, civilians at Wexford, which they allegedly attacked while he was trying to negotiate a truce.

By the time the Irish surrendered in , the practice of Catholicism was banned in Ireland and all Catholic-owned land was confiscated and given to Protestant Scottish and English settlers, beginning a long period of suffering and poverty for the Irish people. Cromwell would lead a subsequent military campaign against the Scots, including a decisive victory at the Scottish city of Dundee. With the Scots defeated, Parliament re-formed in Cromwell sought to push the legislative body to call for new elections and establish a united government over England, Scotland and Ireland.

When some opposed, Cromwell forcibly disbanded Parliament. Several months later, following various attempts to establish a government, John Lambert, himself a key Parliamentary general during the English Civil Wars, drafted a new constitution, effectively making Cromwell Lord Protector for life. The so-called Second Protectorate Parliament, instated in , offered to make Cromwell king. However, given that he had fought so hard to abolish the monarchy, he refused the post, and was ceremoniously appointed Lord Protector for a second time.

Cromwell died from kidney disease or a urinary tract infection in at age 59 while still serving as Lord Protector. His son Richard Cromwell assumed the post, but was forced to resign due to a lack of support within Parliament or the military. In the leadership vacuum that ensued, George Monck assumed control of the New Model Army and spearheaded the formation of a new Parliament, which proceeded to pass constitutional reforms that re-established the monarchy. In , Charles II, who had been living in exile, returned to England to assume the throne, thereby beginning the English Restoration. His head was displayed atop a pole outside Westminster Hall for more than 20 years. Reviews in History. Mulraney, Frances. Oliver Cromwell, BBC. Headless story.

This was the start of the civil war. Cromwell introduced a new model army to the Parliamentarians which was a superior fighting force that led to the defeat of the Royalists. This influenced people to believe that he were a hero as they were against King Charles I. Cromwell seemed as the only person that would stand up to him. When the king was executed. Though he hailed from rather humble beginnings, Cromwell managed to leave quite a mark on the bloodstained tapestry of Irish history. Despite his initial toleration of most Protestant sects, his religious conversion to Puritanism in the s shaped a great deal of his foreign policy. Believing his was a mission from God, Cromwell composed.

Home Page Research Essay on cromwell. Essay on cromwell Words 3 Pages. Cromwell, Oliver , led the armed forces of Parliament to victory in the English Civil War in the 's and ruled England from to He had an iron will and was a military genius. Few leaders have inspired more love and respect or more fear and hatred. Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, England, near Peterborough.

He came from a wealthy and influential family. Cromwell studied at Sidney Sussex College in Cambridge , but his father's death forced him to leave before getting a degree. In , he was elected to Parliament. During the 's, Cromwell became a dedicated Puritan. Puritans were Protestants who strongly believed in the right of people to follow more simple forms of worship and church organization than those of …show more content… Some of the independents, whose supporters included the chief officers of the army of Parliament, favored formation of a republic governed entirely by Parliament. Fighting between the king's sympathizers and the Independents broke out in Cromwell supported the Independents and put down the revolt.

Soon afterward, Parliament's army seized Charles and removed the Presbyterian members of Parliament. Cromwell was a leader in the king's trial and execution in England then became a republic called the Commonwealth of England. In the next two years, Cromwell crushed uprisings by Scottish and Irish forces and defeated an army loyal to Charles Stuart, son of the executed king. Parliament's failure to adopt major reforms upset Cromwell. In , he dismissed Parliament and ended the Commonwealth. Cromwell's military officers then prepared a document that made England a Protectorate. Cromwell became its chief executive with the title of lord protector. After Charles's execution, England became a republic called the Commonwealth of England.

A committee of Parliament ruled the country. Cromwell ended the Commonwealth of England in , as I previously stated by forcibly disbanding the Long Parliament. The Parliament was called Long because part of it had been meeting since England then became a dictatorship called the Protectorate, with Cromwell as lord protector. Get Access. Read More. Was Oliver Cromwell a Hero or Villain?

Oliver Cromwell- Hero or Villian? Popular Essays.

His son Richard Cromwell assumed Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay post, but was forced to resign due to a lack of support within Parliament or the military. Restoration Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay Prostitution Should Be Legalized the Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay homogenous styles of literature that centre on a celebration of or reaction to the restored court of King Charles II. Colonists Rights Essay Words 2 Pages The Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay had Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay right to declare a war on England and become independent. He came from a wealthy and influential family. Though rather Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay as a politician, Cromwell, single-handedly redefining the art of Insertion In Intraocular Surgery and military strategy, proved Was Oliver Cromwell Good Or Bad Essay be one of the greatest military geniuses of all time.