⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ American Response To Ww2

Wednesday, June 30, 2021 12:33:37 AM

American Response To Ww2



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WWII In HD: America Enters World War II - History

In fact, 44, Native American individuals participated in the war. This represented more than ten percent of their entire population. While they played a huge role and many won medals for their service and bravery, their stories are quite often forgotten. Many Native Americans voluntarily joined the war effort after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Unknown to many, the Iroquois Confederacy had long held a grudge against the country of Germany. They jumped at the chance to fight the oppressive Nazis. They were willing to overlook the past conflicts with the American government.

Their participation was greatly appreciated and was seen as a tremendous show of loyalty and cooperation. Even the most typically standoffish and reclusive tribes sent men to represent them in the war. There was no need to be drafted. In fact, many tribes saw it as disrespectful and shameful to even need to be drafted. They thought their warriors should be compelled to participate of their own free will. By , ninety-nine percent of all draft eligible Native Americans had registered. By the time the war ended, 44, had participated. Men were not the only Native Americans to serve, though. Native American women also contributed through participation as nurses and other areas open to women at the time.

Of course, one of the most well-known ways Native Americans contributed during the war were with their coding skills, though they did so much more. To prepare for a second war, Nazi Germany sent spies into reservations posing as writers and scholars to attempt to learn the languages. However, despite these efforts, the Native Americans were must more apt at learning English, than the Germans were at learning Native American languages. In addition to learning advanced English skills, the Native Americans also, through their participation and armed forces enrollment, studied new job skills and other cultures.

Some were leaving their reservations for the very first time. It also helped that the U. The Navajo codes were equally confusing to the Japanese as they were the Germans. Native American soldiers were very welcome among the Marine Corps. It was here the Navajos first started working in coding. The Division Operations Officer, Lt. Harry Kinnard recalled that McAulliffe initially asked, "They want to surrender?

He took the paper, looked at it, said "Us surrender, aw nuts! Jones was dismissed. McAulliffe then left the Headquarters to go congratulate a unit on the Western perimeter that had successfully taken out a German road block earlier that morning. When he returned to his Regimental Headquarters, he phoned the division headquarters. Upon returning to the division headquarters, McAulliffe was informed that Jones had phoned to say that the two German officers were still waiting at the F Company Command Post. Since they brought a formal demand they felt they were entitled to a formal reply and they were to return to the German lines two hours after delivering their message.

McAulliffe asked that Col. Harper be summoned to the Division Headquarters. Harper, who was still inspecting his units' positions, was contacted by radio. When Harper arrived at the Headquarters, he was asked to wait outside of the closed door to McAulliffe's quarters. Inside, in the presence of his staff, McAulliffe wondered aloud, "Well, I don't know what to tell them. McAulliffe dismissed the staff and asked that Harper come in. McAulliffe initially toyed with him by having him stand in front of Higgins and himself. McAulliffe showed him the surrender demand and asked if he had already seen it. Harper said no.

McAulliffe asked him to read it and suggest how it should be answered. Harper was surprised by the request and quickly tried to draft a reply in his head. At that moment, a clerk-typist entered the room and handed McAulliffe a sheet of paper. He looked at it and then showed Harper the typed "NUTS" reply, asking him if he thought that was a proper reply. Harper read it and started laughing. McAulliffe asked Harper to personally deliver the reply to the Germans, cautioning him not to go into the German lines.

Harper took the reply and drove to the F Company Command Post. Harper told Henke that he had the American Commander's reply. Henke asked if it was written or verbal. Harper answered it was written and he put it in the hand of the blindfolded German Major. Henke asked about the contents of the reply because if it was affirmative, they were authorized to negotiate further. The Major nodded. The two blindfolded German officers were then driven, again by a roundabout route, back to their entry point at the Kessler farm.

At the farm, the group was rejoined by PFC Premetz. The blindfolds were removed and the Germans opened and looked at the reply. They asked, "What does this mean? Harper and Premetz discussed how to explain it. This is war. They saluted and the Germans started to walk away. Harper angrily called out to them, "If you don't know what I am talking about, simply go back to your commanding officer and tell him to just plain, 'Go to Hell'. As he passed Palma's position, he threw his blindfold and Palma caught it.

Palma wrote that he didn't realize the historical importance of that blindfold. He later used it to clean his B. While watching the Germans leaving, Harper began to regret losing his temper, fearing that his attitude may increase the intensity of the attack on his positions. Fortunately, the threatened artillery barrage never happened. Instead, the German Luftwaffe was added to the attack, bombing the town at night. According to a narrative written by Hellmuth Henke, when the German officers returned to their vehicle, while they were putting their pistol belts back on, Maj.

Wagner removed his pistol from his trouser pocket and placed it in its holster, stating that he wasn't going to get caught without protection. The two German officers then drove to the st Panzer Grenadier Regimental headquarters in Lutrebois. After reporting in, they left to go to the Panzer Lehr Division headquarters located about a mile further south. Just before reaching the Panzer Lehr Headquarters, they saw the car of General von Manteuffel parked by a thicket of trees. Wagner stopped and reported to the General. They then proceeded to the Panzer Lehr headquarters.

General von Luettwitz, the Corps Commander, happened to be there. They presented the "NUTS" reply. Upon hearing the negative reply, General Bayerlein, said it was time to start striking out with the heavy artillery located behind the hill. He was interrupted by General von Luettwitz who stated that the heavy artillery was no longer located there, it had been moved to forward positions past Bastogne. Bayerlein then started to explain how he would attack Bastogne without the heavy artillery, but was again interrupted by von Luettwitz.

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