⌛ Jackie Robinson Leadership Style

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Jackie Robinson Leadership Style

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On one occasion, when a friend was detained by the police, Robinson protested and was arrested, receiving a two-year suspended sentence. After his brother Frank was killed in a motorcycle accident, Jackie decided to stay close to home and enrolled at UCLA where he became the first athlete in the history of the school to letter in four sports. In basketball, he twice led the conference in scoring and starred on the football team alongside black teammates Ray Bartlett, Woody Strode and Kenny Washington Washington and Strode would become two of the first Black players in the National Football League and Strode would later become one of the early Black movie stars. In he averaged In track he was the NCAA champion in the broad jump 25 feet, 6.

After going 4 for 4 with two stolen bases in his first game, he finished the season batting only. In his Senior spring semester, Jackie felt he needed to drop out of school to financially help his family and did so against the wishes of his mother and girlfriend, Rachel Isum, a nursing student. He signed on as an athletic director for the National Youth Association, but when it closed down he traveled to Hawaii and played football for the Hawaii Bears semi-pro team and then returned to Los Angeles to play for the the L. Bulldogs of the Pacific Coast Football league. Unfortunately, the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, brought his football career to an end.

He qualified for Officer Candidate School and applied but was denied entry. While his life seemed to be on an upswing he was now engaged to Rachel , his military career came to a sudden roadblock in July Jackie wanted to serve along with his battalion overseas but he was on limited service due to an ankle injury suffered in college. In order to serve he would have had to sign a waiver and would have to undergo a medical examination and get a doctor to clear him. After taking the medical exam, he went to the officers club while waiting to go back to the hospital. There he met the wife of one of his fellow Black officers, Lieutenant Gordon Jones. Since the hospital was on the same route she was taking to go home, she decided to ride with him on the bus. Jones was Black, but she was light-skinned.

When they sat down next to each other on the bus, the driver thought Jackie was sitting with a white woman and ordered Jackie to move to the back of the bus. Jackie refused, stating that the U. Army had officially announced and end to racial segregation on military bases and thus he was within his rights to stay where he was. The driver backed down but went to get his dispatcher when they stopped. An argument ensued with Robinson and the driver cursing at one another. Jackie was taken by military police to the police headquarters. There, more arguments and insults occurred between Jackie and the military police. He was given a hearing but it was almost a kangaroo court.

The decision was made to court-martial him, but his commanding officer, Colonel Paul Bates, refused to act on the matter, believing that Robinson was a fine soldier. Jackie was subsequently transferred to a new battalion and his new commanding officer immediately signed the documents to court martial him. He was charged with disturbing the peace, insubordination, conduct unbecoming of an officer, drunkenness, refusing to obey the orders of a superior officer and insulting a civilian. However, he was still charged with what occurred at the military police station. Unfortunately for Jackie, because the other charges were dropped, he was not able to discuss what led to him being brought to the police station in order to put things into context.

This left him looking as if he had engaged in the arguments and insults for no reason. Jackie was represented by Captain William Klein who was able to show that Jackie had been subjected to a relentless torrent of racial insults as well as inconsistencies on the part of the witnesses against him. After Klein laid waste to the case against him, Jackie was acquitted of all charges by an all-white panel in August The experienced jaded him to the military and he decided not to pursue service overseas and was able to receive an honorable discharge from the Army in November after serving as an athletic coach at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky.

He accepted the position and also served as the basketball coach his team would compete against Marques Haynes, who would later become a star with the Harlem Globetrotters. A year earlier a friend suggested that Jackie contact the Kansas City Monarchs, a baseball team in the Negro Leagues, about playing for them. While he played well during his first season, he struggled with the free-styling nature of the Negro League play, preferring the structured manner in which he had always engaged. He finished the season with a. His performance did not go unnoticed. The choices Cole makes and the way he treats others causes me to believe I am lucky…. To go along with his leadership qualities, Lebron is quite the character. When you see Lebron on TV he is always joking around with other teammates or just having fun with them, and that is just how people around the league talk about him.

So I think that he would be great to have on a long journey because he would lighten the mood in the group while maintaining his leadership…. Snook et al demonstrates that Knight believed that winning was a continuous cycle driven by hard work and the willingness to learn while following the rules. Additionally, the text shows that Knight believed that preparation was the strongest strategy used by winners. Indeed, his self-pronounced principles worked in correlation with his leadership style, as it is evident that he used them in one of the most successful college basket school teams. In relationship to this leadership model, Knight crowned his principles with discipline and provided that players had to follow all the rules to….

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Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Sign in. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Show More. Read More. Dodgers president Branch Rickey, determined to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, was looking for the ideal candidate to prove Black players had a place in the majors. This has often been referred to as "Baseball's Great Experiment. Explaining his careful choice of Robinson years later, Rickey said:. Essentially, Rickey wanted someone who would not lash out when he was terrorized or make White people too uncomfortable. This player needed to be resilient enough to tolerate racism and threats without getting defensive or defeated, and brave enough to face whatever backlash breaking the color barrier would bring.

Robinson had played alongside White people in college, so he had experience facing public scrutiny and discrimination from people who felt he shouldn't be allowed on the field. But even though Robinson fit the description Rickey was hoping for, he was still relieved to hear that Robinson had his family and Isum in his life to encourage and support him, as he knew leading the charge of integrating major league baseball would be a trying experience.

Meeting with Robinson in August , Rickey prepared the player for the kind of abuse he would face as the lone Black man in the league. He would be subjected to verbal insults, unfair calls by umpires, pitches intentionally thrown to hit him, and more. Off the field as well, Robinson could expect hate mail and death threats. For the player's safety and the long-term possibilities this opportunity presented, Rickey wanted to know that Robinson could deal with such adversity without retaliating, even verbally, for three solid years because he felt that this was the only way White people would tolerate a Black player. Robinson, who had always stood up for his rights, found it difficult to imagine not responding to such abuse, but he realized how important it was to advance the cause of civil rights in this way and agreed to do it.

Rickey's motives for breaking the color barrier are thought to have stemmed both from a belief in racial equality and a desire to sell more tickets for his teams by shaking up the game. Rickey had for years felt that baseball's absence of Black players was problematic and unnecessary, so he took it upon himself to facilitate integration as peacefully as possible—so as to promote lasting change and protect Black players—with Robinson as the face of his important "experiment. Like most new players, Robinson started out on a minor league team and became the first Black player in the minors. In October , he signed with the Dodgers' top farm team, the Montreal Royals.

Before the start of spring training, Robinson and Rachel Isum were married in February and headed to Florida for training camp two weeks after their wedding. Enduring vicious verbal abuse at games — both from those in the stands and the dugout — Robinson nonetheless proved himself especially skilled at hitting and stealing bases, and he helped lead his team to victory at the Minor League Championship Series in Shortly after, Robinson began making the transition to the Dodgers.

On April 9, , five days before the start of baseball season, Branch Rickey made the announcement that year-old Jackie Robinson would play for the Brooklyn Dodgers. The announcement came on the heels of a difficult spring training. Several of Robinson's new teammates had banded together to sign a petition insisting that they would rather be traded off the team than play with a Black man. Dodgers manager Leo Durocher chastised these men, demanding that they get rid of the petition and pointing out that a player as good as Robinson could very well lead the team to the World Series. Robinson started out as first baseman and later moved to second base, a position he held for the rest of his career.

Fellow players were slow to accept Robinson as a member of their team. Some were openly hostile while others refused to speak to him or even sit near him. It didn't help that Robinson began his season in a slump, unable to make a hit in the first five games. But Robinson, following the advice of the team's manager, stoically took the mistreatment without fighting back. While Robinson endured this, Black baseball fans also experienced discrimination. Though usually allowed to attend MLB games "White" baseball , they were granted the worst seats and often harassed by racist White fans.

The other option Black fans had was to attend Negro League games, where they could watch all-Black teams compete against each other. Robinson's teammates finally rallied to his defense after witnessing several incidents in which he was physically and verbally assaulted by opponents. One player from the St. Louis Cardinals intentionally spiked his thigh so badly that he was left with a large gash, prompting outrage from Robinson's team. In another instance, players on the Philadelphia Phillies, knowing that Robinson had received death threats, held their bats up as if they were guns and pointed them at him.

These unsettling events served to unify the Dodgers—not only as a team with Robinson but also against inequality. Robinson overcame his slump and the Dodgers went on to win the National League pennant. He was the first Black man granted this esteemed title. Walker played on Toledo's minor league team in and was a catcher for their new major league team, the Toledo Blue Stockings, for the season.

Playing for the Stockings, he received many threats from spectators especially in southern states and was openly discriminated against by his White teammates. He was cut from the team when the season came to a close, likely because his team manager was receiving threats of violence if he was allowed to play. Walker rejoined the minor leagues to play for Newark.

Later, after years of pain and suffering due to racism, he began to support a Black nationalist agenda. Walker's treatment is an accurate depiction of how nearly all Black baseball players at this time were treated, whether they played for the minor leagues, the Negro Leagues, or universities. Jim Crow laws were in full effect and there were very few Black baseball players, and what few players there were weren't always allowed to play with their teams due to threats and racial tensions where they were to play and they were often barred from staying in hotels with their teammates. In , the International League made the decision to ban Black players from being signed at all, and only those already on teams could play. By , Walker was the only Black player still playing in the International League.

Before long, the major league followed suit, and the ban on Black players was unofficially instated. By the start of the season, Robinson got the go-ahead from Rickey to be himself. He no longer had to stay silent — he was free to express himself, just as the other players were. Robinson now responded to the taunts of opponents, which initially shocked a public who had seen him for three years as quiet and docile. He was called an agitator, short-tempered, and "hot," but he was merely rightfully angry with everything he had endured over the years. But he was still admired by fans across the country. Rachel and Jackie Robinson moved to a house in Flatbush, Brooklyn, where several neighbors in this mostly-White neighborhood were thrilled to be living near a baseball star.

The Robinsons welcomed daughter Sharon into the family in January and son David was born in The family later bought a house in Stamford, Connecticut. As Robinson's popularity grew, so did his annual salary. He used his celebrity status to promote racial equality. When the Dodgers went on the road, hotels in many cities refused to allow Black players to stay in the same hotel as their White teammates. Robinson threatened that none of the players would stay at the hotel if all of them were not welcome, and this tactic often worked.

In , the Dodgers once again faced the Yankees in the World Series. They had lost to them many times, but this year would be different. Thanks in part to Robinson's brazen base-stealing, the Dodgers won the World Series. During the season, Robinson, now 37 years old, spent more time on the bench than on the field. When the announcement came that the Dodgers would be moving to Los Angeles in , it came as no surprise that Jackie Robinson had decided it was time to retire in spite of an offer to play for the New York Giants. In the nine years since he had played his first game for the Dodgers, several more teams had signed on Black players. By , all Major League Baseball teams were integrated. Robinson kept working after his retirement from baseball, accepting the position of vice president for personnel for Chock Full O' Nuts, a restaurant chain.

He even required that his Chock Full O' Nuts contract allow him as much time as he needed for his civil rights work. Robinson also helped to raise money to found the Freedom National Bank, a bank that primarily served minority populations. This bank was established to serve patrons turned away from other establishments for the color of their skin or socioeconomic status and extend loans to people who might not have otherwise been granted them due primarily to deep-seated racial prejudice.

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