✎✎✎ Swetnams Argument For Gender Equality

Monday, August 09, 2021 1:40:45 AM

Swetnams Argument For Gender Equality



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Jordan Peterson on Gender Equality

The woman is posed in a very demure position, which automatically displays her beauty. Her being naked creates an alluring feeling for the man, which to its credit is very powerful in the hands of the woman. She argues that the woman has her purpose and instead of being inferior should be equal to the man. Speight looks at gender in a means of equality, which banishes a lot of the gender roles that are assigned to men and women.

Speight brings a new argument to the table, which supports equality of the sexes. One of the many issues that the writer would have with the painting is the fact that the women are only being displayed for her beauty. She is naked and a spectacle for men to look at and admire. Use more vinegar. That will just make me crave fries chips. Find an Audience. Blog about it? Probably not. Just eating healthier and moving more. If I do lose weight, then that means the weight I had put on was indeed unhealthy. Labels: dorm life , food , Oxford life , responding.

I finally finished! Here are my notes on Part Three of " Three Guineas ". Back to the original letter! Reiterates that we can sign a pledge, join a society, or contribute to a society to help prevent war. We have no education. Talks about Whitaker. Turn to the daily paper. So, women have to read and write as a way of protecting their own culture and intellectual liberty. So how do we pressure readers and writers? There are facts.

Also, you should call them out just like you would someone who tried to solicit you to protect yourself and others. And if someone with no such motives gave you his opinion, would you believe him allowing for human error, of course? Girl says yes. And the truth about art? If newspapers told only the truth, we would not believe in war, but in art. Lady might reply to this argument; well, duh. But how does she do this stuff in practice? In the real world, not an ideal one? Typewriters, duplicators. Think that the public is made up of individuals. You could even give honest reviews to the artists, in private, without affecting their sales.

Culture personified would become free and adventurous. Whether rich ladies will listen, I cannot say. But this seems to be the way to go. So define your aims and means. It no longer has a meaning because we can earn a living. Women in the s were fighting the same cause you are. That kind of statement would not fly today, although I guess this was before people really knew how bad the holocaust was. Ok, now you want me to be a member of your society. Sounds easy. We respect you the individual as in private individual men and women respect each other. She fears that societies can bring out or impose on the worst of men, while excluding women. What kind of society will you start that can work with ours but outside it?

How much of England actually belongs to her? How much does the law protect her? What kind of physical protection does she have? Intellectual superiority? Compare the music and literature of countries. If she still has some drop of patriotism, let it be used to help bring peace to England. Women need to earn their own livings — push for a living wage. Wage for non-working women instead of allowance. Criticize education and religion. Not critical but creative. Back to facts. How can we do this? Was this a waste of my time? But there is a model already. Sure, it was tactless. But brave, especially if other female mayors follow suit. Plus, women could get hurt. Historically, 3x more women had gone to church than men.

But young women are moving away from the church. We should keep an eye on this experiment and see if it has any effect. Well, the church is getting worried. But this movement has to fly under the radar. The church ranks higher than other professions. In women wanted to join the church; priests looked at the New Testament, and found that Jesus whose disciples were from the working class said men and women are equals. There were female prophets.

Women could preach. Then priests went to the Church, namely St. Religion seemed to go from a voluntary, unpaid calling to a profession, and at that point women women were excluded. People are hostile about women joining the Church. Implies that a married priest can do his job well because his wife takes care of the housework and family. This raises her fear, and her instincts to change the subject or to shut up.

They may even cause war. Daughter Elizabeth eloped, dad never forgave her. His emotions were extreme and obviously subconscious. She turned him down and stayed in Haworth with dad. She wanted the money and the pride of earning. Also, it gives him right to approve who she marries. In his argument, Mr. Jex-Blake appealed to her emotions, to her womanhood, not to her reason. SO, this infantile fixation could stand against human love. He brought in teachers, took them on field trips. Educated his sons and daughters the same.

She founded a school for all sexes, classes, religions. Started an art class drawing nudes. She worked on laws, and married women were allowed to own their own property. Infantile fixation was a strong, concealed force. But they were met with a force — called feminism or emancipation of women. None of the names accurately convey the emotions, the bitter tears. Girls wanted to learn, to love, to travel, to play music, to paint naked bodies.

Women got out of the house, onto the sports field, into jobs and more comfortable clothing. In private, dads may have yielded, but in public, they became even more susceptible to this disease. Desire to support a family is connected to manhood. But finally we passed exams. All we can do professionally is write. Also, our bodies. Men enjoy, we endure. Until recently, medical literature on childbirth was sadistic. Dudes: war is over. Give jobs to men.

Two worlds. Women have failed. Disobedience is evil. Things are the same today. In uniform. He is a dictator. We want to suggest a connection between the public and private worlds. But you, sir, recognize the connection between the public and private. The picture is of evil. But here is your guinea: the third of three given to different societies but the same cause. Sorry for how long the letter was, how small the contribution, and for writing at all. But you asked for it. Labels: feminism , musing , schoolwork , women's studies.

Labels: Pic of the day. Here are my notes on Part Two of " Three Guineas ". Ok — so what else can we do to help prevent war? It will be more effective to convince them than to convince teachers or to hang out in universities. At first she says that simply showing these professional men his letter will convince them, but then she says that while they will agree that war is horrible, there will be hesitations. So she will put another letter next to it. Women have been able to work for almost 20 years now. So how are you pleading for money? He thinks that women in England, like women in America, should start an anti-war society.

He says that women must have the money to start this society, since so much money was donated to help women win the vote. He says that women today should be prepared to sacrifice as much today for peace as their foremothers did for the vote. She then ironically says that according to Joad, women are rich and idle, so how are they asking for money? So Woolf continues , how can you ask for money in the face of those failures? She comes back to the present, addressing the gentleman once again. She lists two facts; the W. Woolf lists some professions that women can now work in, and points out that public money that provides the salaries is provided by men and women, and that income tax is 5 shillings a pound.

She lists employees under Education and their salaries, most at 4 figures. Wait — all of those high-earning people were men. Three reasons: 1. The entrance exam for the higher positions is geared towards Oxbridge graduates. Many more daughters stay home to take care of elderly parents than do sons. Well, maybe all of the women are deficient, untrustworthy, lacking in ability. Well, the Prime Minister says that no secret government info has ever been leaked by a woman even though it has been by a man.

He also said that the women working in Civil Service had been completely satisfactory to anyone who worked with them. You, gentleman, are a lawyer. I have seen that world, though not experienced it. The process is not rational. Hints at nepotism. Ok, fine. Maybe women are a distraction in the workplace. Woman has too much liberty, which probably came with the war. There are too many women doing work that men could do, and too many men unemployed. If women gave jobs back to men, the men could buy nice houses for the women.

Ok, so both were telling the truth; women deserve to be paid as much as men, but are not. She compares one of the above quotes to something by Hitler, then expands this comparison to imply that England is moving in a fascist direction. These men want to be husbands and fathers and support their families. So the world is divided into the public and the private. In the private, women have jobs but are not paid. Is her work worthless? Without it, the State would collapse, but she is not paid. So… a bachelor is paid the same as a single woman? Hm, no. The association for rent money or things to sell at a bazaar?

What does she spend her money on? Hm… it looks like she spends it on hunting, cricket, football, clubs. Wow, she is really altruistic. Or… she just gets pocket money. So: 1. So we have to make this woman promise that the professions will only be practiced in a way that they will prevent war. A solemn procession. Bishop, judge, admiral, doctor.

But now women are part of the procession at the end of it. So do we want to join this procession or not. If so, under what terms? These are important questions that must be answered. But most of the recent biographies are about war. The combatants are men vs. Sophia Jex-Blake. Her dad was a doctor. They were wealthy. She decided to earn money and got a tutoring job.

My brother works. You have everything you need. She wrote in her diary that she gave up. Women applied to the Royal College of Surgeons. The authorities invoked God, Nature, Law, Property to deny women access. Same daughters ask for the same privileges, are met with the same refusals. Suppose there were as many rich women now as there are rich men. But how desirable is money? Rich man, kingdom of heaven. But extreme wealth is also undesirable. Your duties might be arduous. Lawyers take work home with them. Clergy have crushing work. Implies that these jobs have crushed their souls. Doctor is away from his family on Sundays and Christmas. Professional writer. Another politician. So what does this prove? Well, nothing. People who have successful jobs lose an interest in art, music, conversation, humanity.

The nature of man is the same as it was thousands of years ago. Under horrible stress he will do terrible things. They must think her divine. Goethe: talks about symbols and women fulfilling things. Before us lies the public world, the professional system, with its possessiveness, its jealousy, its pugnacity, its greed. Annnnnd BACK to the biographies! We have to earn money. But the professions are undesirable. But there are none. But there are some journals. One governess wants to learn Latin, physics, astronomy, botany, math, etc.

Anne Clough — principal of a college. Josephine Butler, let campaign against Contagious Diseases Act, child trafficking. Had a position in the East that was almost a diplomat. Chaste of body and mind. But this education must have had some virtues, because there were many civilized, if uneducated, women. It would be silly to throw away unpaid-for education or the knowledge we got from it.

So those are the conditions. Define the terms? Use your gut to figure out how much money or knowledge is enough. He shows tyranny. To tell the difference between real and unreal loyalties, look at Antigone. She points out that society as it is will pretty much guarantee women poverty, chastity and derision — also, since the Church and colleges restrict us, freedom from unreal loyalties as well. So, these conditions will be easy to fulfil. So here is your guinea. In the future, daughters in poor houses will be happy in peace, and their mothers in their graves will be happy. So, gentleman, that was the letter. Those are the conditions. Saturday, October 20, Dorm Decor: the basics.

I thought I was done with cinder block walls, loud suite mates, and shower flip flops. I was wrong. Obviously, my dorm-decorating strategy now is a little different from what it was at 18, when I went with collages of photos of my friends from home, posters of rock stars, and Yaffa blocks. However, I am still on a budget even more so this time - last time I moved into a dorm, mom bought my linens, towels, and other essentials! So, the goal: make my room comfortable, homey, and personal without breaking the bank. Pretty standard dorm fare;. Labels: Budget , dorm life , shopping. Notes on "Three Guineas," Part One. I've spent a full twenty-four hours with Virginia Woolf , and probably have another twelve left.

Sadly, the more I read of her, the more she irritates me. While I'm sure her ideas were revolutionary at the time, today her simple acceptance of her privilege and failure to question it or others' lack of privilege is grating on me. Especially her repeated use of the phrase "daughters of educated men. Structure and overview summarized from Wikipedia : The essay is structured as a letter in response to a man who had written to Woolf asking her to join his anti-war efforts.

Woolf was a pacifist. She concludes that war is bad, but that women and men will approach their efforts to prevent it in very different ways. One According to Woolf, the letter asking her opinion on preventing war has been laying unanswered for three years. They both have jobs. She likes to point out her use of ellipses. BUT going to start pointing out differences. What about mothers? This difference changes the way that men and women see things, through the filter of the experiences and opportunities that were afforded to boys. Claims that men are more likely to fight than women. So how can she understand his problem or answer his question? He believed that Jesus promoted passivity over violence, disgrace over violence, death over killing.

Talks about war as unnatural, inhumane, unsupportable, beastly, foolish. So, men have different opinions among themselves about war. Ok, so what is patriotism? Her unspotted Innocence became her garment of Purity and brightnesse. But it may be his wanton thoughts gave themselves more liberty. But loose desires are to bee barred by and maine from true Loves lists. Sensuall Love finds ever the shortest period in pleasure. There was sometimes a Maid of admired beauty and approved fame, who, after a long and strait Siege of a garrison Towne wherein she dwelt, became exposed with other Virgins to the violence and fury of the Souldiers. Oh, quoth shee, never had poore distressed Maid more pleasure with lesse sinne. Meaning, that as the Act was farre from her consent, so it was free from sinne, which is ever accompanied with consent.

For whatsoever is forced, is from the Will estranged; without which, sinne cannot properly be said to be committed. You, who with much confidence can say with that Heroick Princesse, I know how to dye, but not to lose Page 13 mine honour. Nor know you how to call them up into the Garret, to give them gentle correction. And in all ages, as Harvests have their Miscellaue graines, so have we ever had and must have, severally-mixt Conditions.

The third, Quicknesse of Wit ; which, being not well seasoned, oft-times breeds occasion of distaste. To the third, wee oppose Distaste. For Quicke and prompt Wits, if they be not with discretion seasoned, they become so freely licentious, as they lose more friends than they purchase. If the Owner that enjoyes it, know it: it begets in her a dis-esteeme and contempt of inferiour features. None can serve Eccho but Narcissus. When she sees our countrey-Beauties, with a scornefull pity she lookes on them, and returnes her judgement thus: "Alas, poore home-spun beauties! This that passionate Amorist well discovered in this Canto : Beautious was Shee, but too coy, Glorious in her tyres and toyes, But too way-ward for that Boy, Who in Action Spheard his joyes.

Love-tales shee could deagne to heare, And relate them weeke by weeke, But to kisse when you came neare, Lippe was turn'd into the cheeke. Beauty that is too precize, Though it should attractive be, Darting beamelins from her eyes, 'Twere no Adamant to me: Shee it is I onely love, Shee it is I onely seeke, That do'es bill it like a Dove, And will make her lippe her cheeke.

Honour is a rising baite, But not rudely to be pull'd; Give me Her at any rate, Who loves to be kist and cull'd: Countrey Ducks scorne to be nice To those Swaines their fancy seeke, Page 19 Though their honour they doe prize, Lippe they tender, not their cheeke. A Lady gave me once her cheeke to kisse, Being no lesse than I my selfe did wish: For this I'le say, and binde it with an oath, Her cheeke tastes sweeter farre than do'e's her mouth. If they affect you, that affection must bee so shrowded and shadowed, as Lynceus eyes could not disclose it. Walke from them, their eyes are on you; walke to them, their eyes are from you. There is no Page 20 argument, be it never so well-relishing, nor sorting with their liking, that they will give eare to: no posture, be it never so gracefull, they will afford an eye to.

To a stranger they will shew themselves familiar; to you, whose intimacy hath got a roome in their hearts, they will seeme a stranger. It were a gift above apprehension, in every particular to fit their humour. And yet they must be humour'd, or they are lost for ever. This would make any man thinke, if he cast his cards aright, that a mans only sweet Bed-fellow, were a Bed without a fellow.

Beauty is no such Phoenix, as she can generate from her owne ashes. Suppose her then disdainfull thing resolved to take one though with a queasy stomach; and such an one, as of all her choice shee could not entertaine a worse. In which Encounter, as he is to shew himselfe importunate in his Suite, so is his spouse to shew her selfe reluctant to his desires. But the issue proves fearfull: for her long practise of Soveraignty over his weaknesse, brings this Faire one to that passe; as she begins to distaste him. Though the man be tollerable for his part, and of promising satisfaction, she cannot brooke him; yet if you should aske her the cause, it is onely this; Hee is her Husband.

O, replyed he with a sigh, A Wife! Meaning by these lighter Page 25 Stories to reprove their lightnesse; and not to introduce any corruption of manners. Personall, as from outward gifts, or inward graces; Locall, as from office or dignity; Magisteriall, as from power or authority. It was an excellent argument of a noble Page 26 disposition in that brave Lady Marcelles, who gave this attestation of her Sex and Countrey, to her owne fame and Nationall glory. In which Triumph both former and present times have been sufficiently practised. These knew the strength of their beauty; and what power there was in one amorous glance to inchain Fancy. These were so farre from avoyding occasion to tempt, as their onely exercise was to catch wandring eyes; and to lay baits by adulterate beauties, how they might surprize an effeminate Servant, and make his life a perpetuall servitude.

And of this Moderation, or if you please to bestow on it so gracefull a Title as Mortification we might here produce examples, and those memorable in both Sexes. These found a hand ever ready to strike, to prevent a staine: preferring an honourable death before an ignominious life. There was Page 29 nothing more hatefull to them than that beauty, which might probably ingage their persons to an act of infamy.

This he had no sooner said, then shee ran to a spring neare adjoyning to wash it off: See, said shee, I am the same I was; but you are much better: for now you are brought to see your errour, in being so much taken with a skin-deepe beauty, which onely consists in dye and colour. Disdain then, it seems, hath soveraigniz'd in every countrey: while poore distressed Lovers, rest of all hope, abandoned health, rather than live a languishing life. Let it now suffice you, that I am utterly undone by you: while I live to subscribe and loath am I to live such a Scribe. Though afterwards repenting himselfe of such a rash resolution, he salves it with this conclusion: Yet my Coy-duck, take my resolve with you; " Losse of no Jewell can make me turne Jew: But if you'l have a Circumcised one, " My fore-skin onely shall bee yours or none.

The Lowest, but not unloyall'st of your Servants. For what, said I? Closing the aversion of his love with this resolve: I'd rather cope with Lions in a Grate, Than in a Bed with my imperious Kate. Deare, where is thy discretion to ingage Thy matchlesse beauty to decrepit age? Dew-dropping Violets hang downe their head, When their prime Leaves are too much moistened; But thy pure-featur'd Orbe shall never finde Any such pearled moisture in a Rinde. Beleeve me, Sweet, no colour may beseem Thy Virgin-veile worse than a Frost on greene. While he stood thus conversing with his owne thoughts: The Mistresse of his thoughts came in, never so much as suspecting the discovery of her friends Letter.

To which unexpected answer, he return'd this resolute reply: And I vow, faire Mistresse, that I preferre this conceit before your selfe. Which said, Page 36 without more sollicitancy of love, he tooke his leave. Thou that of youth doest vainely boast, Know, Buds are soonest nipt with frost: Though thou be fresh, more faire than I; Yet stumps doe live, when flowers dye. Though thou be young, and I be old, Though thy veines hot, and my blood cold, Though youth be moist, and age be dry; Yet Embers live, when flames doe dye.

The tender Plant is eas'ly broke, But who can shake the sturdy Oake? Thinke thou thy fortune still doth cry, O foole, to morrow, thou mayst dye. Albeit, hee was never more outwardly beautified, than hee was by too free and frequent consorting with his Curtezan Timandra, blemished. His faire face begot him a foule fame. His Agility of body, the gage of infamy. Agile and active women we reade of in all Ages; Page 38 such as even in in publick managements of warre, shewed themselves both for spirit and action to surpasse the effeminacy of their Sex. So lightly doe they affect any sensuall pleasure, as they would not admit it, were it not to preserve Society: and to continue Page 40 their flourishing Feminine government to a succeeding Posterity. These would strike a glowing shame in a chaste cheeke.

Nor will we receive into the List of our Discourse, the least mention of any hard-hearted woman; for our Penne is addressed rather to pencile their praise, than detract any way from their fame. For what, though some women have bestowed their Agility onely upon Cruelty, tyrannizing above the softnesse or delicacy of their Sex; Every Larke may have his crest to use that old proverbe of Symonides but every wench hath not the same mole, though the same mould. What though Orpheus were torne in peeces by women? Hercules poysoned by a woman? The Capitol betrayed by a woman?

The lover is ever blinded, nay madded with affection towards the object beloved. It is not given to us, to love and to be wise. Discretion is admitted for a Directrice in all affaires, excepting love: yea, though the Object of her love was unjust: Love hath alwayes challenged a priviledge in acts of Justice. Lastly, though that treacherous Tarpeia might be as strongly charged with Censures, as she was pressed downe with Targets: All Historians are not of one opinion, touching the moving cause of her Treason. Nor is it discretion, as I conceive, in man to reflect upon these, by way of aspersion. None so cruell, as to embrue their hands in the blood of their owne Alliance for filthy gaine; yet was this done by Pygmalion upon Sycheus. Nature had given them that strength, as no Art could improve their state.

Suppose them then comming in paires, to receive their first fruits. For restraint of Minde is a miserable servitude. We are to hold then many free, who are bound; many bound, who are free. For they hold Agile bodies no fit stuffe to make Hermits. But admit, they should be coop't up, the Cat, for want of a Consort, will play with her owne tayle. As that nimble Monkey in Cheapside did; who playing her Tricks. Page 46 The Tale of a countrey-maid, for our Stories must fix on all Sexes, States, and Places falls pat to this purpose: Who, when her Mother found her suspiciously in a corner with a young man: O mother quoth shee I knew where you would seeke me! The like Tale there is of a Good-wife, who being found by her husband in bed with her Neighbour; told him, that she did it for love of him, to save him a labour, and withall, to know whether other men had a stone at rigge, as he had, which made her suspect him for a Monster.

Sweet-heart, why turne you so soone from me? Pray thee chick, what art' doing? For what, Pigs-nie, said shee? For his well-fare, replyed he, who made me so good way. What other answer she made to this frumpe, I have not heard, saving only this: Go to, husband, it seemes you are cunning. That arrogant Widdower discover'd himselfe too speedily, to become a speeding wooer: who encountring a rich Widdow, and one of a sufficient pleasing feature, to beautifie her fortunes: Told her, that hee could well find in his heart to make her his Bride, but he thought good first, to impart to her three things, which she might looke to finde from him, if ever she enjoy'd him: and to acquaint her all the better with his humour, they were these.

First was, that whether he had cause or no cause abroad, Shee might be sure of a Bridall-brawle when he came home. Second was, Hee would eat his meat alone. Third was, He would lye with her but once ith' month. Whereto, when he had promised his free assent, were they of what condition soever: Sir, said shee, whereas you say, you must needs brawle when you come home: you shall not need, for I will prevent you. Thirdly, whereas you will but lye with me once a month, take your pleasure; but I must tell you withall, if you will not, another shall: for I shall have a months mind to another.

He shew'd himselfe a discreet Capricorne ; who being made acquainted by an intimate Servant of his, that his wife abus'd his bed: and if he pleased, he should with his owne eyes see such a Cumrade of hers embracing her in naked bed: Servant, said he, Such a Sight cannot please me well; yet shall it please mee to discover her shame, and with her shame quicken my revenge.

Onely, Hee ever after that time divorc'd her from his bed: but in all other respects us'd her as a loyall-affectionate Bride. Hee was moulded to as good a temper, who pretending one day an occasion of Page 51 going from home, purposely to try some conclusion of his wifes private affection: comming secretly home about dead time of the night, found what he had more reason to suspect than expect; his roome supplied by an active Youth; whose Batchler life made him more ready to incroach upon others possessions, than closed either with his honour, or the Owners reputation.

It is true, Husband, said she, but the body may be sooner wearied, than the desire satisfied, or the sense sated. The appetite is best pleased with variety: whereas, the daintiest Viands ever dished to us, beget satiety. Her Husband mufing much at his wifes mad humour: Sure I beleeve, said he, the Miller ha's done thee: yes, I warrant you, Husband, quoth she, and would have done you too, if you had been there. Who I, Husband, quoth She? I hope you have no such opinion of me. No, Duck said he; but I desir'd to be resolved: I may set my rest then on this, thou never wrong'd me! Never, quoth shee. For your hard-hearted Creditor, carelesse of your ruine, having laid you fast upon an Execution, came unto mee and promised me your freedome for one nights Lodging.

Yes twice, said the former Devill in the vault. But this too was rather for your love than any lust. For one day when a roguish Serjeant came to arrest you, after I had convey'd you up into the Garret, to save you, and satisfie him, I lay with him: but all this was rather to secure you, than any desire I had to him. Why, all this, said her Husband, highly contents mee. Thou never then wrongedst me more than twice? Trust me, Husband, never but twice. Yes thrice, said that Neighbourly Familiar in the Chimney-corner. Nay, if thou wer't all the Spirits in Hell, said his wife, thou lyest, for I never wronged him that way but twice. With all Page 55 my heart Neighbour, said he, and I thank you too: but I am confident there is no voyce out of a vault will detect my wife of any vice.

But pursue your plot, I shall give you free ingresse and egresse, as you gave me. To which question shee as peremptorily answered, that shee had never. Yes Once, Ecchoed that under-pentis'd Spirit: at the noise of which voyce, this conscious Bona-roba trembled and confessed, That she had once indeed layne with a Begger, to whom she out of meere charity had given Harbour ; and hee poore thankfull man, to requite her, desired to returne her one curtsy for another.

This Begger stuck deepe in his stomach, but whether he could or no digest it, there is no remedy, he must beare it. Yet to be resolved better, hee proceeds further: I hope wife, you never did this but once; Never but Once. Yes twice, hallow'd the Spirit. O the memory of these Spirits, said she! Truly, I had like to have forgot it. I must confesse, I had one time doings with a Pedler; and I gave him a dozen of Tinne Page 56 Buttons of your doublet for his labour.

These were but meane Tradesmen for thee to truck with, said her Husband. But Thou didst never trade after this manner more than twice? Never but twice. He showd himselfe a soft delicate Student, who being in bed with his wife call'd for his Booke. Which his Wife observing, call'd likewise for her Wheele. Why, what doe you meane said he? To fall to my Worke, as you doe to your Booke: And may you speed as I spinne. Meane time, I have spun a faire threed to become his Bride, who makes his Study of his Bed. But if you had made right use of all the Problemes you have read, you might have found that a Study was a place for you to conceive in; but a Bed for me.

I could wish you Husband, to turne over Page 57 a new leafe, lest I in time turne Haggard and check at your love. Which caused this effeminate Scholler, for feare of his Wifes displeasure, never to to suffer his Booke communicate with his Bed thereafter. It was sometimes my fortune to bee knowne to a brave-domineering Lady, whose Will was her Law, though there was no Law in her Will. Her Messe was ever serv'd up with store of Ponts.

This humerous Madam, as one cloyed with commanding, and now after the death of her noble Spouse, twitted with the dishonour of her second matching: When she could not revenge her selfe of reproch, tooke revenge of her selfe; by dying no lesse estranged from remorce, than shee lived at distance from repute. O, quoth she, a little Worme may lye under a great stone! Good man, said she, you need little be so inquisitive after this: for whom, I pray you, had you ever under your hands, that you brought not into th' sudds? O husband, reply'd she, but I should soone leave these sudds, would you but once leave me! For I can assure you, Sir, at this time, my Husbands are all alike able to dispatch your occasions. The good woman hearing this in the presence of her husband, and impatient of holding any longer: O husband, quoth she, you would make an ill Turke!

Not al-altogether so, answered her husband; Give me but so many meales, and thou shalt finde me one of the strongest Turkish Males that ever English Gennet bore. A base traffick for money, to make a barter of Honour. His Gelding, missing his Masters horse, fell a galloping and neying after him. With which Tale wee will close this Subject of Liberty, descending to the next, Page 66 though confined to a narrower Scope, yet of more ingenuity.

Which are divided into Festive, or Civile: Both, if seasonably used, and without danger of any personall toutch, freely received; Though the Orator hold, that the former is ally'd to vanity, one degree nearer than the latter. I have knowne some wits of our time, held it their greatest honour, to contest in arguments of Wit with Women: Nor have they held it lesse honour to gravell them. The conquest was not so virile, that it should reteine any such esteeme: But in these Duello's of wit, I have observed some of these selfe-opinionate ones, faile so farre in their expectance, as they ever merited least praise, where they were most confident of an undoubted prize.

Page 67 A just judgement! More have perish'd by it, than procur'd them safety from it. Ripe early Wits are soonest blasted; as rarest beauties quickliest blemished. Which could not chuse but puzle him asmuch to answer, as shee poore wench, was simply forward in her liberall offer. Verily, quoth she, I know not, but by the motion of the spirit wee do both our endeavour. But to speake generally of quick-wits, they are naturally bold: which many Page 96 times endangers the owners discretion. There is no Discourse, wherein he will not have an Oare. No Argument, wherein he holds not himselfe fit to be a Moderator. Yet, in this he so farre over-shoots himselfe, as he findes it more prejudiciall for man to be accompanied by selfe conceipt, than to be indued with a meane, but humble conceipt.

It was the Saying of a daring Stoick, that he was in all things so well resolved, as there was nothing wherein he so much as doubted: Which was likewise the arrogant opinion of Velleius the Epicurian. But he who fooles himselfe with such an arrogant confidence, ever fails most in his expectance. He is most wise, who is lest opinionately wise. For he that seekes to be more wise than he can bee, shall bee found to bee lesse wise than hee should be. But now, whereas many women have singular quick-wits ; it is very rare for any such to have them, and not to know them. Copiously shall you find them worded; but for matter penuriously stored.

Howbeit, their very presence ever accompanies their discourse with an applausive grace. Now, if a quick-wit, prompt speech, and prepared spirit wrought such effects in actions of that quality, what might they produce in affaires of true worth and magnanimity? It is true, what an excellent Moralist well observed: that it fareth with wits, as with diversity of Soyles. Some are naturally so fruitfull, that if they should be manured or marled, they would grow over with weedes. Many such luxuriant Wits there be; who, the more they are fed, the more are they famished.

These must bee kept Sharpe, or they will not mount. To dwell longer on these I shall not need, seeing the Triall of wits will sufficiently informe you. Wee will descend then from those benefits accruing to quick-wits discreetly mannaged, to those distasts they beget by being too lavishly vented. There was never good Wit, saith the profound Stagyrian, without some mixture of folly. Nay, the best Wits have the vicioust parts. Let us reflect a little then upon that Noble Sexe, whereto we are to addresse our discourse: and in these rich Mineralls of Wit, observe if those purest and precioust metals are not blemished with some foile.

Quicke and piercing be these feminine wits: which being well disposed, incomparably beseeme them. Their answer was, they could admire nothing more. Nor can you doe ought lesse, replyed hee, comming wholly from the sweet pen of a Woman. Page 73 Every Action, saith the Philosopher, hath two helves or handles. And we shall finde these two metalld wits strike upon the same Shelves.

The one more apt for projecting, the other for discoursing. This tart; That dangerous. Our Stories must take life from more youthfull Madeona's. Others exposing themselves for Slaves, to secure their Sweet-hearts States. All which, as they pitched upon love, so closed they for most part with Comick ends. These three merry Gossips practised one day how they might pay him home in his own Coin: and how they might each of them affright him most, and harme him least. So taking along with him some Camphier Bals for which he came thither, hee left this shaking Shark with his Subtill Syren together: the one trembling for fear; the other laughing at his fever. But poor wench, she feigns herselfe sick, giving such a passionate grace to her counterfeit Page 77 groane, as her simple Actaeon imagined her to be sick indeed.

He, to comfort his sweet Dulip, asks her what she would have, and where her paine held her most? O, at my stomack, Husband, at my stomack; I finde a great loathing at my stomack. O, in that Chest, Husband, but I know not where the key is; the griefe of my stomack h'as made me quite forget my selfe. Marry, quoth he, but I will breake it up with my hammer and pincers; —I will not loose my Coy-Duck for a little labour.

But some present course must be taken, to secure this unfortunate Goat, or there is no more life to be expected, than in a Picture which Art onely formed. The Plot is this: She wills him stirre his stumps; and follow those directions shee prescribes him. Tell me now in good sadnesse, did you ever see any one nearer to life? Now, the onely blemish which I finde in this Picture, is, that the one Codde hangeth Page 81 longer then the other; which I shall rectify forthwith.

The Aguish-supposed Picture, fearing much that the Painter was fetching his knife or some other Instrument in use, to correct that error; which if hee did, he were undone for ever: just as the incensed Painter turned his back, leapt the the scarred Skaledrake from off the hinges of the Door: running naked through the open street, to preserve his Genitories from the stake. A Story to like purpose in our owne time and in our owne Clime I have heard; and it was thus. A loose Libertine, who car'd little for ingaging his honour, so hee might be Master of his pleasure.

A Friends, answers she. What Friend, said hee? No friend should have any Trunke or any such matter in my Chamber, but it were fitting that you made me first acquainted what it were, and for what end it came hither. To bee short, the Trunke is opened, where this loose Lecher could not inwardly bee more polluted, than his fayre Sattin Suite whose inside partak't intirely of Sathan was found hatefully scummered. That Tale of a wanton witty Dame will sound well in such eares, who advised her Sweet-heart, to secure them the better from her Husbands presence, to attire his Servant in a Beares skinne; being a Beast, which of all others he most feared and hated.

Nor will wee leave this onely heere: As mortall, though lesse fatall was that womans malicious pursuit of revenge, to give an instance in actions of baser brood who accused one before a Justice for a Rape. Way being given him, he returnes home: where, though passion would scarce admit a parliance, he thought good to call his wife aside; and with much abruptnesse of speech, fire and fury in his eyes; he askes her what Company she had in her Bed-chamber such a day?

This so well satisfi'd him, as his fury was turned to affability and sweetnesse: repenting him sore, that ever hee inclined to give eare to such an hatefull suggestion. So as, albeit hee had brought her into a private-desert grove, where he intended a fatall revenge; he not onely freed her person and untainted honour, but retained a constant opinion of her noble carriage ever after. Why, my wife quoth he is brought abed. And why should shee not, answered hee? No more is it said his friend it is as much your wifes as yours. The first, in speaking more than they should; The second, in not speaking when they should; The third, in impertinent action, by declining from doing what they should.

Nor is it easie to determine what affinity this Spirit had to his, who being found tardy, said, he was troubled with a Spirit, and so hotly pursued, as for feare hee was forced for want of other succour, to fly for shelter to his Neighbours wife. What, said he, A Scholler in a Wast-coate? But the tart Oratory of this wast-coate brought her to a lodging in the kid-coate. Hee, unwilling to satisfie her demand, though seconded with great importunity, told her expresly; That though they had made him as right as their legge to their purpose, he would be loth to make them his Secretaries, who could not keepe their own Counsells: But for her especially, he never meant to make her his She-Confessor, who was as open as a Sieve, that could not hold water.

O quoth she, I never take in any Stranger, till I find my vessell full fraughted! Minde that thou art doing with a murraine. Thus have wee no lesse Page 99 plainely than fully discovered those various delights and benefits arising from Quicknesse of wit, well seasoned: with those distempers and distastes which usually accompany them, when too freely exposed. So highly are they enamoured of their owne, as they dis-esteeme all others. These presuppose an exuberance of wit, which indeed, many times drawes nearest soaking, when it should be, in regard of the occasion offered, plenteously flowing. It is a rule worth remembring: Page Play with me, but hurt me not; Ieast with me, but shame me not.

Which that divine mellifluous Father well observed, when hee said: Jests are no lesse suspicious to me than anger; seeing by jesting I have many times escandalized another. But descending from these, I passe to the next Subject; wherein Gentle speech must take your eares, as Objects of beauty have taken your eyes: both which introduce a living Oratory, to worke the powerfuller effects upon your fancy. Or, a winning kinde of Rhetorick, which of all others, purchaseth most friends with least cost. Many Motives be there to induce Fancy, which well tempered, worke upon no blind love, such as a deluded eye doats most upon, but a cleare and well-grounded affection.

Lacides with sleeke looks, and mincing gate. Pompey scratching his head with one finger. That which Euryala, Nurse to that subtile Greeke, praysed, when she washed the feete of Vlysses, was Gentle Speech, and tender flesh : both referring to two severall Sences ; the one to the Eare: the other to the Toutch. It is the Wise mans observation: Soft speech mitigates wrath. We read of few so barbarous if Commanders who could not finde an heart to receive a compassionate teare: nor an eare to a faire submission. We shall finde even in Strangers more pity than in such fierce Fathers. But indeed in passages of love; when occasions of distaste chance to bee bred betwixt the parties: upon a faire and free parliance if that happinesse may bee admitted them how quickly are minds, before seemingly aliened, reconciled?

Their former hate begins to resolve it selfe into amorous teares. It was an excellent commendation which I have sometimes heard given to a Noble Peere of this Kingdome. That none ever came to him, how irresolved soever, but came away from him well satisfied. True it is, that vulgar Eyes and Eares are only taken with outward Objects. They stand not upon sounding or examining the vessell: so it make a noyse, they rest satisfied.

A courteous answer or affable salute affords them sufficient measure of content: and makes them render an approvement of his affability to the World. This is very rare to be seene in the countenance of such who are advanced to high places. These can put on a sterne awfull brow: and make appeare very legibly, how their State is changed. A poor State that begets pride!

Weake habilliments of honour! But farre weaker Supports to beare that Colosse of honour up, if he should decline. Dainty Idols to doate upon! These had need furnish themselves of witty Husbands; or the Honey-month will be soone done with them. Husbands to such wifes are made happy in their choice: and have good cause never to wish a change. If their dayes expence should chance to bee too immoderate; they need feare no fingers but their owne, to dive into their pockets, or to make privy search for more than can be found. These need not feare to have their shoulders besprinkled with Zantippee's livery: or to have their breakfast chang'd into a Morning Curtaine Lecture: Or to receive discipline for their last nights error: Or to weare their Night-Capps after the old fashion, with both their eares through them: Or dreame, that their pillows are stuft with horne-shavings.

If they come home late though sooner were better they are entertain'd with a chearefull welcome: They finde no Pouts in their dish: nor amongst all their necessary utensils one Chafing-dish. And to such an one, without all doubt was he matched; who in a pensive plight, all full of discontent, published to the World, from whence he desired a speedy dismission, his hard Fortune in this Bridall Brawle.

This wench had beene a dainty dangling fruit for Timon's fig-tree. Nor did hee doubt, but if such occasions had power to tame a wild Batchler, they would in time reclaime his Haggard. Nor Page will inveying, reviling or abusing of a Vixon, bring her to a good temper: for such usage would quickly make her madder. This was the cause that moved Socrates to forbeare his wife Zantippe, though a froward woman, because he thought he might better converse with others. Many excellent Aphorismes are contained in Hippocrates ; amongst which, this: Eight things saith he make mans flesh moist and fat: the first, to bee merry and live at hearts ease; the second, to sleepe much; the third, to lye in a soft bed; the fourth, to fare well; the fifth, to be well apparelled and furnished; the sixth, to ride alwayes on horsebacke; the seventh, to have our Will; and the eight, to bee employed in Playes and Pastimes, and in things which yeeld contentment and pleasure.

You see, how the same Sunne works severall effects upon Waxe and Clay: for it softneth the one, and hardneth the other. Let him apply this to his owne condition: by disposing himselfe towards her, to whom hee stands ingaged, nay religiously devoted by an inviolable tye of affection. But before this continued peace could bee procured, or these Civill-warres quenched: many domestick bickerings and skirmishes were there, who might weare the buckler, and returne quarter-master. How long shall I intangle my selfe in this intricate Maze of endlesse miseries? To what purpose is it, that I contest with my owne flesh? Raise a Pad in the straw: and awake a sleeping Lyon? Turne then the Scale; and let her enjoy the freedome of her selfe. This will relish better to any well condition'd nature: than ever to be contending for mastery: and make the whole Countrey ring with our folly.

It is worthy our observation to relate what happned to one Iordan, in his marrying in those parts; being a native Page German, and one who had accompanied Barcley in his Travaile. At last, seeing that the more he laboured to content her, the lesse she seem'd to be pleased; he takes her aside one day, demanding of her the reason of her distaste? O Sir, saith she! Not of love, replyed he! I am sure you want nothing. Although, in the end, his disciplinary Love grew to be too bitter: For he brake her neck before he left her.

But no modest eare can endure any such breake-necke-love: Wives are not to bee made Slaves but Companions. And as their constitutions are soft and delicate; so should their usage bee mildly tempered and affectionate. No storme of adversity so violent, but their pleasant society will allay it. No losse so heavy, but by the enjoyment of them, supplyed. Their anger was soone done, when they saw those pearled teares distilling: those amorous armes spred abroad to imbrace them: those pretty witty prattles they had to entertaine them. These were such harmelesse carelesse Charmes; as they wrought farre stronger Page on the affection, than any other forcible Conclusion.

The first is, to know what you are to speake. The second is, to know when you are to speake. He that knoweth how to speake well, knoweth also when hee must hold his peace: which may serve for an excellent Rule to the Later.

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